Analysis of aspects of traditional interventions to heal psychologically traumatized victims of the July 11, 2010 terror attacks in Kampala

Reports from Mulago mortuary indicated 76 people killed by the 7/11 bomb attacks at Ethiopian Bar and Restaurant and Kyadondo Rugby Grounds.

 

This study established the extent of psychological trauma, forms of interventions (traditional and untraditional), and their efficacy and compared the performance among the traditional and conventional interventions.

 

The 150 survivors and bereaved families were interviewed. The DSM IV items were used to identify PTSD, 11 major items for the traditional and non-traditional forms of interventions, and 5 items for efficacy.

 

The study employed quantitative and qualitative approaches to generate frequencies and percentages, and means, field notes, respectively. The mean for prevalence of psychological trauma 95.3%; Traditional interventions: psychological services constituted 55.3%; medical (90.7%). The nontraditional methods involved: compensation (83.3%), culture-related (50%), religious (96%), family (97.3%), group (94%), community (82.7%), security (83.3%), and international assistance and legal aid (79.3%). Efficacy: Mean (20.1%).

 

The traditional interventions were monetarily-tied. The interventions soon ceased to take effect as support institutions withdraw services and individuals fell off the treatment regimes. They brought individuals out of the chronic stages of life to moderate levels, when follow-up was key.

 

The non-traditional forms were most enduring, because of their strong foundation of love and care principle. It was long-term mode of intervention and very necessary.

 

The costly nature of interventions and the limited inclusiveness and performance of psychological based interventions renders victims only reliant to families, friends, and group of friends to sustain recovery and achieve wellness.

 

The unsupervised traditional interventions took a natural course and their sustainability gradually became unpredictable as the support structures loosened and broke down.

 

The efficacy of interventions left a lot to be desired for professionally less or not supervised traditional approaches (20.1%). Another research is be needed to determine progress every after a period of 3 years.

 

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