Positive living, resilience, and spirituality among adolescents living with HIV/AIDS in Kampala, Uganda

The research study focused on examining the status of Positive Living (PL), Spirituality (SP) and Resilience (RE) among Adolescents Living With HIV/AIDS (ALWAs) between the ages of sixteen to twenty four years, and empirically investigates their relationship using Kampala Districts, as the study area. The study was carried out using survey design structure.


In data synthesis of Positive Living (PL), Resilience (RE), Spirituality (SP), we observed a critical influence and inter-play of the three variables in fostering meaningful life for ALWAs, which, then, anticipated that when all aggregates of the three variables were strictly applied, we saw that ALWAs were living naturally as excellent as adolescents without HIV/AIDS.


Randomly selected samples were collected in seven (7) Health Centers and HIV/AIDS Clinics in Kampala District, which included; Kawempe Health Center (MJAP Satellite Clinic), Naguru Health Center (PMTCT and MJAP Satellite Clinic), Meeting Point International (Naguru), TASO, IDC (Mulago), Cancer Ward (Mulago)  and AIC.


In the final analyses of the three variables, ALWAs were subjected to numbering ninety-four (N=94). Interactive sessions -involving questioning and eliciting answers were used. And, with the aid of SPSS, significant relationships were found in all the variables; (PL and RE), (SP and PL), and (SP and RE) relationships. That were; (r=0.681; p<0.001), (r=0.26; p<0.05) and (r=0.408; p<0.001), respectively.


All in all, PL and RE had a stronger influence on wellbeing of ALWA than SP and PL, and SP and RE, depite having a lower p value (0.001) than p = 0.05. For the  statistically significant SP and  PL (p. 0.05), the influence of SP on PL was weak.

What we learnt from the findings was that, post living and resilience had a stronger influence on wellbeing than any external aid. The self was ans key to cultivating wellbeing more than anything or anyone else. The self acknowledged need to be well, motivated, make decisions, take actions, and be responsible for matters that accrued to personal wellbeing.


Together, though, they mattered in sustaining wellbeing of ALWAs. They became key ingredients applicable to health management system of ALWAs that helped them to live longer and realize lifelong goals, as well as preserve relations with their God, their families and friends.


In a long run, ALWAs found, essentially, find the kind of life desired as based on personal choice and what (life) they could make or unmake –principles, which any other living person would hold on to live happy, peaceful, successful and, above all, long lives.


Future research may focus on studies with p values 0.05 for PL and RE, SP and RE, respectively, by exploring sample sizes with more than 1000 corespondents. Placing RE at the center of or contributor SP and PL may be interesting study to consider. A multifactorial analysis maybe considered to show status of all variables and how they support wellbeing of ALWA in Uganda.


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